From December 4th 2017, during the test, examiners will ask 2 vehicle safety questions - known as the ‘show me, tell me’ questions. Pupils will have to carry out the ‘show me’ question while they're driving.
Q. Open the bonnet, identify where you would check the engine Oil level and tell me how you would check that the engine has sufficient oil?
A. Identify the Dip Stick/Oil level Indicator, describe and check the oil level against the Minimum and Maximum markers on Dip Stick.
Q. Open the bonnet, identify where you would check the engine Coolant level and tell me how you would check that the engine has the correct level?
A. Identify High/Low level markings on header
tank where fitted or radiator cap and describe how to top up to the
NB. NEVER undo Radiator or Expansion tank cap until the engine has cooled down or you will risk being scalded by a pressurised jet of water.
Q. Open the bonnet, identify where the Windscreen Washer reservoir is and tell me how you check the level?
A. Identify reservoir, lift off cap and make a visual check of level as there are no external markings on reservoir.
Q. Open the bonnet, identify where the Brake Fluid reservoir is and tell me how you would check that you have a safe level of hydraulic brake fluid?
A. Locate reservoir, check level against High/Low markings on side.
Q. Tell me how you would check the Tyres to ensure that they have sufficient tread depth and that their general condition is safe and legal for use on the road.
A. No cuts or bulges. Minimum of 1.6mm of tread depth across the central ¾ of the breadth of the tyre and around the entire outer circumference.
Q. Tell me where you would find the information for the recommended Tyre Pressures for this car and how tyre pressures should be checked?
A. Manufacturers’ handbook or chart at most petrol stations, some cars will have tyre pressure information on the inside of car by the door lock—either side. Check tyre pressure when tyres are cold, including the spare wheel, remember to re-fit valve caps.
Q. Show me/explain how you would check the Power Assisted Steering is working before staring a journey?
A. Steering is heavy when engine is turned off but will be noticeable lighter when the engine is started. Two simple checks can be made, gentle pressure on the steering wheel maintained while the engine is started should result in a slight but noticeable movement as the system begins to operate. Or, turning the steering wheel just after moving off will give you an immediate indication that the power assisted steering is functioning correctly. If the steering becomes heavy the system may not be working properly.
Q. Tell me how you would check that the Brake Lights are working on this car?
A. Turn on ignition to 2nd position (after doing safety checks). Operate brake pedal and look for reflections of brake lights on doors or in windows or ask someone to look for you.
Q. Tell me how you would check that the Brakes are Working before starting a journey?
A. Brakes should not feel spongy or slack. Brakes should be tested as you set off and should not pull to one side.
Q. Show me how you would check that the Headlights and Tail Lights are working? (NB. From 1st. July, 2008 this will be a ‘Tell Me’ question and there will be no need to physically walk round the vehicle).
A. Turn ignition switch on (after doing safety checks). Operate light control switch located to the right of steering column on this vehicle. Walk round vehicle to check all lights are working correctly.
Q. Show me how you would check that the Direction Indicators are working?
A. Turn ignition switch on (after doing safety checks). Apply the indicators or Hazard Warning switch and check functions of all indicators. (If a bulb has blown dashboard indicator lights will flash twice as fast as normal with audible sound).
Q. Show me how you would check that the Horn is working (off road only)?
A. Check is carried out by pressing horn symbol on steering wheel.
Q. Show me how you would check the Parking/Hand Brake for excessive wear?
A. Demonstrate by applying the Parking/Handbrake that when it is fully applied it secures its’ self and stays in place and is not at the end of its’ working travel.
Q. Show me how you would set the Demister Controls to clear all the windows effectively, this would include both front and rear screens?
A. Engine will need to be running and when it has warmed up, set the controls to direct warm air onto the windscreen and adjust air vents to side windows. Switch on heated rear screen.
Q. Show me how you would switch on the rear Fog Light(s) and explain when you would use it/them?
A. Operate the switch (turn on dipped headlights and ignition if necessary). Check warning light is on. Fog lights should only be used when visibility is seriously reduced to 100 metres or less. They should be switched off when visibility improves as they can dazzle and distract following drivers.
Q. Tell me how you would know if there was a problem with your Anti-lock Braking System (ABS)?
A. Warning light should illuminate if there is a fault with the anti-lock braking system.
Q. Show me how you would switch your Headlights from Dipped to Main Beam and explain how you would know the main beam was on from inside the car?
A. With ignition or engine on if necessary turn on headlights, operate main beam control (on indicator stalk), check main beam warning light (blue) is illuminated.
Q. Tell me how you would make sure your Head Restraint is correctly adjusted so it provides the best protection in the event of an accident?
A. The head restraint should be adjusted so that the rigid part of the restraint is at least as high as the eyes or top of the ears and close to the back of the head as is comfortable.
Q. Show me how you would clean the windscreen using the Windscreen Washers & Wipers?
A. Turn ignition on if necessary, operate washer control, usually on stalk mounted on steering column. On most vehicles the same stalk controls both wipers and washers.